Anti-diarrheal agents – Various medicines available can reduce discomfort and slow down diarrhea but this does not slow down recovery for most diarrheal illnesses.
Anti-inflammatory medicines – Various drugs can slow down immune system function, easing symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease.
Antibiotics – Medicines can kill bacteria in the colon, used to cure some cases of colitis. This maybe used for attacks of inflammatory bowel disease.
Probiotics – Microbes are important for the helath of the colon. Probiotics are supplements of healthy microbes which may have benefits for some conditions like Crohn’s colitis.
Stool softeners – Over the counter and prescription medicines can soften the stool rarely affecting constipation.
Laxatives – Herbs, medicines and some salts can stimulate the bowel muscled or may bring more water into the bowel to relieve constipation.
Enema – This is a term used for pushing liquid into the colon through the anus. This can deliver medicines to treat constipation or other colon conditions.
Polypectomy – removal of the polyp
Colon surgery – using open or laparoscopic surgery, part or all of the colon maybe removed (colectomy). This maybe done for severe bleeding, cancer or ulcerative colitis.